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iridium
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Iridium( Ir )

General Description:

Discovered in 1803 in London by S. Tennant.

Iridium has a melting point of 2410C, boiling point of 4130C, specific gravity of 22.42 (17C), and valence of 3 or 4. A member of the platinum family, iridium is white like platinum, but with a slight yellowish cast. The metal is very hard and brittle and is the most corrosion resistant metal known. Iridium is not attacked by acids or aqua regia, but it is attacked by molten salts, including NaCl and NaCN. Either iridium or osmium is the densest known element, but the data do not allow for selection between the two.

Iridium occurs in nature uncombined or with platinum and other related metals in alluvial deposits. It is recovered as a by-product from the nickel mining industry.

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